What universal themes does homer explore in the odyssey?

There is a theme of civilised vs savage (Phaecians are civilised and The Cyclops are savages)

Revenge and Character Flaws Explanation: Generally, many characters cause problems for their flaws. Odysseus reveals his own name to the Cyclops because he wanted Polyphemus to know who had tricked him, which cause major problems later on. Also, Penelope doesn’t ever send the suitors away. She promises them that after her mourning period, she’ll choose someone to be her new husband. She doesn’t intend to betray Odysseus, though, but it seems that she enjoys the attention that she is receiving. Although it does talk a lot about human nature in many ways, the idea of revenge is frequently shown in the story. Odysseus wants revenge against Polyphemus, who then wants revenge against Odysseus. Later on, Odysseus eventually also kill all the suitors who were at his house taking advantage of the fact that he was absent.

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An important theme that The Odyssey expresses is that of the importance of home and family. It is clear to the reader that Odysseus’s deepest wish is to go back home to Ithaca. There are many examples of this, but two appear in the second part of the book. First, we see how Odysseus continues to be in love with Penelope and wants to remain with her, even after decades of not seeing each other and after having met Calypso, Circe and Nausicaa. The second example is the value that Odysseus places on the fact that he is able to reunite with his father Laertes and his son Telemachus, which shows the importance of legacy and stability.

hospitality, loyalty, and vengeance.An epic tells the tale of a hero and his heroic deeds. The Odyssey follows its hero and protagonist Odysseus as he fights to get home after the Trojan War, a war that lasted an entire decade

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