The primary cause cárdenas nationalized mexico’s oil business was to a. curtail overseas funding on this key useful resource. b. finish corruption inside personal oil companies. c. allow the nation to get direct profit from its huge provides. d. higher defend the setting and land within the nation.
Allow the nation to get direct profit from its huge provides.
The proper reply is C. The primary cause Cardenas nationalized Mexico’s oil business was to allow the nation to get direct profit from its huge provides. Clarification: Cardenas decreed oil expropriation on March 18, 1938, creating Pemex (Petroleos Mexicanos), a state firm that will be in control of the exploitation. He did so as a consequence of a mixture of things, together with the weak spot of the American and British economies in the course of the Thirties (each have been mired within the results of the Nice Melancholy), the existence of a robust battle between staff of the oil firms put in in Mexico and the overseas businessmen who uncared for a labor award of the Mexican courtroom, in addition to their very own imaginative and prescient of a democratic and nationalist capitalism, wherein the essential industries (oil, metal, and so forth.) performed a key function, so in line with his idea ought to stay within the palms of the federal government.
he negotiations between the Union of Petroleum Staff of the Mexican Republic and the oil firms had failed to achieve an settlement, the employees demanded the signing of a collective labor contract, per week of 40 hours, the cost of full wages in case of sickness and the quantity of 65 million pesos to pay salaries and advantages, then again the businessmen refused to signal the contract and provided solely 14 million pesos. Because of the damages that the nation was struggling as a consequence of lack of gas provide, for the second time, the President of the Republic intervened, on June 7 he requested the union leaders to raise the strike and, as a result of the positions between union and corporations appeared irreconcilable, he instructed to boost the issue as a matter of financial order earlier than the Federal Board of Conciliation and Arbitration. The employees agreed and the strike was lifted on June 9 In accordance with the legislation, three specialists have been appointed who ought to current a report on the state of the business with its elementary features in addition to a instructed opinion to resolve the battle. To this finish, the Undersecretary of Finance, Efraín Buenrostro, the Undersecretary of Nationwide Financial system, Mariano Moctezuma and Jesús Silva Herzog, who was an advisor to the Ministry of Finance have been appointed. The latter was additionally proposed by Vicente Lombardo Toledano, who was the final secretary of the Confederation of Staff of Mexico (CTM). With the assistance of a staff of 60 individuals, amongst which have been petroleum engineers, economists, sociologists, accountants, statisticians and tachymechanographers, a report of two,500 pages and an opinion of 80 pages have been made. It was thought of that the El Águila firm had a mean annual revenue of 55 million pesos, so it was concluded that it ought to pay 26 million pesos for salaries and social advantages along with what was paid in 1936 Clarification:
the reply is c Clarification:
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