The spontaneous reaction that occurs when the cell in the picture operates is as follows: 2ag+ + cd(s) 2 ag(s) + cd2+ (a) voltage

The spontaneous reaction that occurs when the cell in the picture operates is as follows: 2ag+ + cd(s) 2 ag(s) + cd2+ (a) voltage increases. (b) voltage decreases but remains > zero. (c) voltage becomes zero and remains at zero. (d) no change in voltage occurs. (e) direction of voltage change cannot be predicted without additional information. which of the above occurs for each of the following circumstances? 14. a 50-milliliter sample of a 2-molar cd(no3)2 solution is added to the left beaker. 15. the silver electrode is made larger. 16. the salt bridge is replaced by a platinum wire. 17. current is allowed to flow for 5 minutes.

14. B    15. D    16. C     17. B Explanation: The spontaneous reaction that occurs when the cell operates is shown below: ⇒ We need to select the correct option from the list below for the following questions. (A) Voltage increases. (B) Voltage decreases but remains > zero. (C) Voltage becomes zero and remains at zero. (D) No change in voltage occurs. (E) Direction of voltage change cannot be predicted without additional information. 14. A 50-milliliter sample of a 2-molar solution is added to the left beaker. If a 50-milliliter sample of a 2-molar  solution is added to the left beaker, the voltage decreases but its value remains greater than zero. The correct option is B 15. The silver electrode is made larger. If the silver electrode is made larger, no change in the value of the voltage since we don’t have the idea of the initial value. The correct option is D. 16. The salt bridge is replaced by a platinum wire. If the salt bridge is replaced by a platinum wire, there will be no passage of electrons because electrons can’t pass through a platinum wire. Therefore, the voltage will be zero and remains at zero. The correct option is C. 17. Current is allowed to flow for 5 minutes. If current is allowed to flow for 5 minutes, the voltage decreases but its value remains greater than zero. The correct option is B.

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The question is incomplete, the remaining part of the question is Which of the above occurs for each of the following circumstances? A 50-milliliter sample of a 2-molar Cd(NO3)2 solution is added to the left beaker. Voltage decreases but remains > zero. Explanation: Given the balanced redox reaction equation: 2Ag^+(aq) + Cd(s) > 2 Ag(s) + Cd^2+(aq) Concentration affects the cell voltage according to Nernst equation. Change in concentration must lead to a change in cell Voltage. As the concentration of the Cd(NO3)2 solution is increased, voltage decreases because of the increase in the concentration values but voltages remains above zero.

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