Hello, I am learning Japanese from Rosetta Stone but also from a book because Rosetta Stone isn’t very thorough. It says “to eat” is “tabete imas(u)”, however my book which quite a bit more detailed says it is “tabemas(u)”. I haven’t gotten as far as congregation so i would like to know which one is more accurate and what is the difference between them.
Tabete imasu is the present progressive tense. This means, “I am eating.”
IE Osushi wo tabete imasu (I am eating sushi)
A lot of Japanese will just say taberu/tabemasu, too.
Osushi wo taberu/tabemasu.
Tabete imasu can be shortened to tabeteru. This occurs like this:
Aside from present progressive, the -te form is used to conjoin a two verb sentence:
EI Ginza ni itte, kutsu wo katta. (I went to Ginza and bought shoes)
Conjoining the -te form with “kudasai” will form a request.
CD wo kiite kudasai= Please listen to the CD.
Adding oku means you will do something in advance (means you’ve done it for later).
Sometimes, (Like with iru) the E from the TE disappears, so the T from Te and the O from OKU team up and make TO.
Te + aru is the passive tense if you use a transitive verb.
Te + shimau/chau implies the action has been completed (If instead of -te, the word takes a -de form such as sumu–>sunde, then instead of chau, which is the casual verb, add jau). It can be regretful or unintentional.
IE Kagi ga kiete shimatta (My keys disappeared)
Te + miru= to try.
There are many other verbs to pair with the -te form, but I don’t want to overload your brain.
“Tabete imasu” means “(I) am eating (something)”
“Tabemasu” means “(I) eat (something)”
This is the difference.