Label the highlighted functional groups in this molecule

Label the highlighted functional groups in this molecule. ketone aldehyde ester hydroxyl group (alcohol) amino group (amine) carboxyl group (carboxylic acid) Label the highlighted functional groups in this molecule. ketone aldehyde ester hydroxyl group (alcohol) amino group (amine) carboxyl group (carboxylic acid)

General guidance

Concepts and reason
In organic chemistry, functional groups are groups of atoms, which are responsible for characteristics change in chemical reaction. Functional groups are labelled by identifying the atoms present in moiety.

Fundamentals

Common organic functional groups are tabulated below:

Step-by-step

Step 1 of 2

Formula of the functional group is written by identifying the atoms present in the moiety.
Atoms present in the carboxyl group are C and O atoms.
Atoms present in the amine group are N and H atoms.
Atoms present in the ketone group are C and O atoms
Atoms present in the hydroxyl group are O and H atoms.

Name the functional group present in the given molecule.

Step 2 of 2

Labeled functional group for the given molecule:

Name of the functional group is written by identifying the moiety present in that group.
Moieties present in the carboxyl group are one carbon atom, two oxygen atoms, and one hydrogen atom.
Moieties present in the amine group are one nitrogen atom and two hydrogen atoms.
Moieties present in the ketone group are one carbon atom and one oxygen atom.
Moieties present in the hydroxyl group are one oxygen atom and two hydrogen atoms.

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Take care while identifying the moiety of the functional group.
For example:
In ketone functional group, if the moieties are wrongly identified as one carbon and two oxygen atoms, then the resultant functional group is ester.

Answer

Labeled functional group for the given molecule:

Answer only

Labeled functional group for the given molecule:

RCOR’
RCHO
RCOOH
RCOOR
RCONR,
RNH
Formula R-COOH R-NH2 R-CO R-OH H₂CT OH | H2N CH CH3
Formula R-COOH R-NH2 R-CO R-OH Name carboxyl amine ketone hydroxyl нсон | H2N CH CH3
carboxyl H21 OH amine HN ketone hydroxyl
carboxyl H21 OH amine HN ketone hydroxyl
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Chemical name

Group

Formula

Alcohol

Hydroxyl

Ketone

Carbonyl

Aldehyde

Aldehyde

Carboxylic Acid

Carboxyl

Ether

Ether

Ester

Ester

Amide

Carboxamide

Amines

Primary Amine

Label the highlighted functional groups in this molecule. ketone aldehyde ester hydroxyl group (alcohol) amino group (amine) carboxyl group (carboxylic acid) Label the highlighted functional groups in this molecule. ketone aldehyde ester hydroxyl group (alcohol) amino group (amine) carboxyl group (carboxylic acid) Label the highlighted functional groups in this molecule. ketone aldehyde ester hydroxyl group (alcohol) amino group (amine) carboxyl group (carboxylic acid) Label the highlighted functional groups in this molecule. ketone aldehyde ester hydroxyl group (alcohol) amino group (amine) carboxyl group (carboxylic acid) Label the highlighted functional groups in this molecule. ketone aldehyde ester hydroxyl group (alcohol) amino group (amine) carboxyl group (carboxylic acid)

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