What Is The Difference Between Machine Learning And Artificial Intelligence

Are you one of those who want to know more about how different gadgets work? How your mobile really recognizes your voice or how do you get the result of the questions that you put on the internet? These are very common questions to people who are very curious to know how technology works. Well, all the gadgets that we use, all the functions that we are performing on our laptops and even on our mobiles work with the help of Artificial Intelligence(AI) and Machine learning. Interested in knowing more about it? Read the article to know what is AI and Machine learning and how both are different from each other.

What is an Artificial Intelligence(AI)?

Artificial Intelligence(AI) is the branch of computer science that helps you to focus on the development of machines that function and operate in the same way as humans do. It can also be said that it is the process of giving machines, intelligence so that they can function like humans. AI refers to any machine which is programmed in such a manner that it demonstrates human-like characteristics like learning voice recognization, problem-solving, etc. It takes real-time input, analyzes it, and gives the results.

What is Machine Learning?

Machine learning is the way to make softwares work more accurately. You will be examining how you can make the perception and action of the computer more accurate. We can say that Machine learning is part of Artificial intelligence. In it, you will be using the mathematical tools in the computer system so that it could work without any direct instructions. With the help of it, you can make it easy for the computer to perform logical human operations. This method is also known as Deep learning which is a part of Machine Learning.

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How is Machine Learning different from AI?

Every gadget you see from Mobile phones to working Laptops is made up of Artificial Intelligence. Artificial intelligence is the technology that helps you to improve the machines and make them work as a human. This is a very vast concept and includes various complex components. Using it you can develop various techniques that will work like humans so that the work of humans gets easy. It helps to deal with each type of data Structured, unstructured, and semi-structured data. AI works to get a system that is designed to get successful. The two main subsets of it are Machine learning and Deep learning and are generally of 3 types i.e Weak, General, and Strong.

Whereas, as discussed earlier, Machine Learning is a part of Artificial Intelligence. It helps the machine to focus on a particular function. Its main function of it is to give an accurate output from the function performed. Contrary to AI it only deals with structured and semi-structured data. There are mainly three types of Machine learning i.e Supervised learning, unsupervised learning, and reinforcement learning.

Type of Artificial Intelligence

Following are the three main types of AI-

Artificial Narrow Intelligence (ANI)

At the present, this type of AI has been successfully developed and applied. They are intended to address a specific problem and are capable of performing a single task effectively. This type of AI helps you to perform functions like recommending a product, forecasting, etc.

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Artificial General Intelligence (AGI)

It is the idea that machines can replicate the intelligence or behavior of humans, with the capacity to learn and utilize this approach to help address a wide range of problems. It means that AI has a human level of mental ability to perform a variety of functions in domains like language and image processing, reasoning, and so on.

Artificial Super Intelligence (ASI)

ASI is seen as the next big step after AGI. This type of AI  would help you to make machines outperform human functions in every manner. This may involve generating better art, human emotions, etc. It is a hypothetical AI that we have not yet been able to develop.  ASI will not only analyzes or recognizes human behavior and intelligence but will act as a point where machines may exceed human intelligence.

Types of Machine Learning

Listed below are the three main types of Machine Learning-

Supervised Learning

This kind of machine learning put the historical input and output data into machine learning algorithms. It processes between each input/output pair to enable the system to change the model and provide outputs that are as similar to the intended outcome as feasible. You will find decision trees, linear regression, and support vector machines as typical supervised learning methods. This type of Machine Learning helps to estimate the price of real estate, Identify illness risk elements, predict the failure of mechanical components in industrial equipment, etc.

Unsupervised Learning

It helps you to find patterns and use data to make judgments. Hidden Markov models, k-means, and hierarchical clustering are common unsupervised learning algorithms. You can perform various functions like grouping customers based on their buying habits or identifying relationships in customer data.

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This machine learning method most closely resembles how people learn. This type of algorithm works by interacting with its environment and receiving rewards.

Reinforcement learning

This machine learning method most closely resembles how people learn. Deep adversarial networks, and Q-learning, are some of the common algorithms in this type of machine learning. You can use it in situations that can be fully replicated or have a lot of relevant data. It is because unsupervised learning takes more administration than this kind of machine learning. This kind of algorithm can be helpful in situations like teaching vehicles how to park and drive themselves or using unprocessed video as input to teach robots how to follow rules.

Conclusion

Artificial Intelligence is an area that is used to make things easy for you by focusing on the development of machines in such a manner that they can perform functions for humans. Though AI is a vast subject, machine learning is a way by which AI works. It helps to set up the algorithms that will help you to perform the specific functions within your gadgets.

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