As an organization becomes more mechanistic. its communication flow becomes .

Framework
Quick
Minimal
stronger configurations on course tasks are done and, on the way,
Tiny Batch Mass Production Continuous Process
Horizontal
?

Minimal

Small Batch
method. (B) A bakery using a size production design must be able to
Divisional
Top administrator proportion
motion becomes ____________. (A) Narrower (B) Broader (C) much more verticle (D) much more
Minimal
Minimal
Divisional
High

High
Slim
1/4
High

Framework
Specialized Difficulty
Slim

control
process design. (C) A small-batch production design might help your bakery to
Extended
Centralization
Horizontal
Decentralized
Centralized

Horizontal
business (C) In times throughout the crisis, when every person must follow one
Team-based
Minimal

operate with less employees than a bakery using a consistent
proportion
includes amazing, tasty dessert meals, while’re specific you
1/1
Broad
Virtual Program
standardised desserts come to be available in supermarkets. Design 2: A factory which all desserts are produced by products;
Moderate
Verical Practical
Vertical
Penned (vertical)
Digital system brief Horizontal broad Decentralized (Note: starting electronic system is
Minimal
Divisional Further Vertical Slim Centralized
Communicative (horizontal)
Moderate
Extended
1/9
Small Batch
Minimal
15

Mass Production
for extra freedom in employee option producing. (D) quick stores of need make sure the corporation will operate
Vertical
Course of control
15

requirements (B) create maximally efficient business through work
?
High

expertise (C) Coordinate work jobs across features and products (D) protect large examples of control over how its products
Broad
Continuous Process

control
Vertical & Horizontal
You are searching for three possible styles the bakery: Design 1: A factory which building staff members develop affordable,
Modern-Shed products can be found by dealers who in addition provide other designs
?

?
Minimal
technology will help you to go from dessert to dessert as customer
Horizontal
business
Overall
Penned (vertical)
Decentralized

Connection

High
Continuous Process

Team-based Simple Horizontal Open Decentralized
Indirect/direct work
Centralized

of Production Tech Structural Characteristics: Minimal Moderate Tall
23
48
Slim
continual process production company. (A) Design 3 (B) Design 2 (C) Design 1 2) finish the 3 terms becoming lacking from this table.

Supervisor amount of
Matrix Dual Vertical & Horizontal Slim Decentralized
High
Overall
Team-based
frontrunner (D) when after a differentiation way of the
Quick
Centralized
competitors _______________________________________________________________________________ Modern-Shed features 12 to 14 understanding staff members who manage
Vertical
?
Decentralized

manufacturing and income with its Seattle office. Outdoors Seattle,
responsibilities. 1) Modern-Shed features a __________ framework that permits it to: (A) manage the freedom it takes to meet customer
Matrix
Overall
Verical Useful Further Vertical Slim Centralized
Verical Practical
mechanistic) Note: normal mechanistic 1) As a small business extends to be much more normal, its communication
High

?
of Production Tech Structural Characteristics:
utilize. (A) in the event that monetary environment is turbulent and unsure (B) as soon as after an affordable management way of the
Small Batch
efficient in case your bakery pursues an affordable management
proportion
Divisional
Penned (vertical) ? High Minimal
Building normal Mechanistic ? 3) in line with the information in the table, which from the
Framework
Supervisor amount of
Slim
Centralized
1) D) much more horizontal normal companies are described as flatness in communication and horizontal communications and lowizons in the business. 2) A) Centralized option producing makes it possible for the organization to place stronger configurations on course tasks are done plus within the technique, achieves economies of scale by utilizing main option making the employees find out about the most recent alternatives used the organization, which helps the larger expert to save timeframe in communicating the most recent alternatives. Through brand-new process economies of scale might be attained by product cost of production is reduced that saves the money.

Connection

Quick
High
Communicative (horizontal) High Minimal Tall
Chain of Command
Horizontal
proportion 1/9 1/4 1/1
Communicative (horizontal)
Structure
Chain of Command
Communication flow
Span of Management
Decision Making


Verical Functional
Long
Vertical
Narrow
Centralized


Divisional
Long
Vertical
Narrow
Centralized


Matrix
Dual
Vertical & Horizontal
Narrow
Decentralized


Team-based
Short
Horizontal
Broad
Decentralized


Virtual Network
Short
Horizontal
Broad
Decentralized



(Note: Starting from virtual network is
organic, and from vertical functional
mechanistic)
1) As an organization becomes more organic, its communication
flow becomes ____________.
(A) Narrower (B) Broader (C) More verticle (D) More
horizontal
2) Dollar General uses a cost leadership strategy. The Dollar
General slogan is Save time. Save money. Everyday! Dollar General
will be more effective if it has __________ structure. Which of the
following reasons explain this? Check all that apply.
(A) Centralized decision making allows the organization to place
tighter controls on the way work is done and, in the process,
achieve economies of scale. 
(B) Narrow spans of management ensure that employees operate
efficiently.
(C) Horizontal communication and broad spans of management allow
for added flexibility in employee decision making.
(D) Short chains of command ensure that the company will operate
most effectively in a turbulent environment.
____________________________________________________________
Your great-great grandmother left you her recipe book. It
contains amazing, delicious cake recipes, and you are certain you
can make a fortune with them if you just set up your bakery right.
You are considering three possible designs for your bakery: 
Design 1: A factory in which assembly workers create low-cost,
standardized cakes to be sold in grocery stores.
Design 2: A factory in which all cakes are created by machines;
technology will enable you to shift from cake to cake as customer
needs change.
Design 3: A personalized wedding cake business in which you will
create custom delicacies for your clients.
1) According to Joan Woodward ____________ is a classified as a
continuous process production company.
(A) Design 3 (B) Design 2 (C) Design 1
2) Fill in the three terms that are missing from this table.




Small Batch
Mass Production
Continuous Process


Technical Complexity
of Production Technology Structural Characteristics:
Low
Medium
High


Centralization
Low
?
Low


Top administrator ratio
Low
Medium
High


Indirect/direct labor
ratio
1/9
1/4
1/1


Supervisor span of
control
23
48
15


Communication





Written (vertical)
?
High
Low


Verbal (horizontal)
High
Low
High


Overall
Structure
Organic
Mechanistic
?



3) According to the information in the table, which of the
following conclusions is most likely to be true?
(A) A continuous process production design is likely to be
effective if your bakery pursues a low-cost leadership
strategy.
(B) A bakery using a mass production design will be able to
operate with fewer employees than a bakery using a continuous
process design.
(C) A small-batch production design will help your bakery to
operate more efficiently.
(D) A mass production design is likely to be effective if your
bakery is operating in a stable environment without a lot of
competition
_______________________________________________________________________________
Modern-Shed has 12 to 14 knowledge workers who handle
manufacturing and sales in its Seattle office. Outside of Seattle,
Modern-Shed products are sold by dealers who also sell other types
of compatible products. Modern-Shed also uses external companies to
do fabrication, help organize trade shows, and perform marketing
duties.
1) Modern-Shed has a __________ structure that allows it to:
(A) Maintain the flexibility it needs to meet customer
demands
(B) Create maximally efficient organization through work
specialization
(C) Coordinate work projects across functions and products
(D) Maintain high levels of control over the way its products
are sold and fabricated
2) Under what conditions is the current organizational structure
of Modern-Shed most likely to be effective? Check all that
apply.
(A) When the economic environment is turbulent and uncertain
(B) When following a low-cost leadership strategy for the
business
(C) In times of crisis, when everyone needs to follow a single
leader
(D) When following a differentiation strategy for the
business Structure
Chain of Command
Communication flow
Span of Management
Decision Making


Verical Functional
Long
Vertical
Narrow
Centralized


Divisional
Long
Vertical
Narrow
Centralized


Matrix
Dual
Vertical & Horizontal
Narrow
Decentralized


Team-based
Short
Horizontal
Broad
Decentralized


Virtual Network
Short
Horizontal
Broad
Decentralized



(Note: Starting from virtual network is
organic, and from vertical functional
mechanistic)
1) As an organization becomes more organic, its communication
flow becomes ____________.
(A) Narrower (B) Broader (C) More verticle (D) More
horizontal
2) Dollar General uses a cost leadership strategy. The Dollar
General slogan is Save time. Save money. Everyday! Dollar General
will be more effective if it has __________ structure. Which of the
following reasons explain this? Check all that apply.
(A) Centralized decision making allows the organization to place
tighter controls on the way work is done and, in the process,
achieve economies of scale. 
(B) Narrow spans of management ensure that employees operate
efficiently.
(C) Horizontal communication and broad spans of management allow
for added flexibility in employee decision making.
(D) Short chains of command ensure that the company will operate
most effectively in a turbulent environment.
____________________________________________________________
Your great-great grandmother left you her recipe book. It
contains amazing, delicious cake recipes, and you are certain you
can make a fortune with them if you just set up your bakery right.
You are considering three possible designs for your bakery: 
Design 1: A factory in which assembly workers create low-cost,
standardized cakes to be sold in grocery stores.
Design 2: A factory in which all cakes are created by machines;
technology will enable you to shift from cake to cake as customer
needs change.
Design 3: A personalized wedding cake business in which you will
create custom delicacies for your clients.
1) According to Joan Woodward ____________ is a classified as a
continuous process production company.
(A) Design 3 (B) Design 2 (C) Design 1
2) Fill in the three terms that are missing from this table.




Small Batch
Mass Production
Continuous Process


Technical Complexity
of Production Technology Structural Characteristics:
Low
Medium
High


Centralization
Low
?
Low


Top administrator ratio
Low
Medium
High


Indirect/direct labor
ratio
1/9
1/4
1/1


Supervisor span of
control
23
48
15


Communication





Written (vertical)
?
High
Low


Verbal (horizontal)
High
Low
High


Overall
Structure
Organic
Mechanistic
?



3) According to the information in the table, which of the
following conclusions is most likely to be true?
(A) A continuous process production design is likely to be
effective if your bakery pursues a low-cost leadership
strategy.
(B) A bakery using a mass production design will be able to
operate with fewer employees than a bakery using a continuous
process design.
(C) A small-batch production design will help your bakery to
operate more efficiently.
(D) A mass production design is likely to be effective if your
bakery is operating in a stable environment without a lot of
competition
_______________________________________________________________________________
Modern-Shed has 12 to 14 knowledge workers who handle
manufacturing and sales in its Seattle office. Outside of Seattle,
Modern-Shed products are sold by dealers who also sell other types
of compatible products. Modern-Shed also uses external companies to
do fabrication, help organize trade shows, and perform marketing
duties.
1) Modern-Shed has a __________ structure that allows it to:
(A) Maintain the flexibility it needs to meet customer
demands
(B) Create maximally efficient organization through work
specialization
(C) Coordinate work projects across functions and products
(D) Maintain high levels of control over the way its products
are sold and fabricated
2) Under what conditions is the current organizational structure
of Modern-Shed most likely to be effective? Check all that
apply.
(A) When the economic environment is turbulent and uncertain
(B) When following a low-cost leadership strategy for the
business
(C) In times of crisis, when everyone needs to follow a single
leader
(D) When following a differentiation strategy for the
business Structure
Chain of Command
Communication flow
Span of Management
Decision Making


Verical Functional
Long
Vertical
Narrow
Centralized


Divisional
Long
Vertical
Narrow
Centralized


Matrix
Dual
Vertical & Horizontal
Narrow
Decentralized


Team-based
Short
Horizontal
Broad
Decentralized


Virtual Network
Short
Horizontal
Broad
Decentralized



(Note: Starting from virtual network is
organic, and from vertical functional
mechanistic)
1) As an organization becomes more organic, its communication
flow becomes ____________.
(A) Narrower (B) Broader (C) More verticle (D) More
horizontal
2) Dollar General uses a cost leadership strategy. The Dollar
General slogan is Save time. Save money. Everyday! Dollar General
will be more effective if it has __________ structure. Which of the
following reasons explain this? Check all that apply.
(A) Centralized decision making allows the organization to place
tighter controls on the way work is done and, in the process,
achieve economies of scale. 
(B) Narrow spans of management ensure that employees operate
efficiently.
(C) Horizontal communication and broad spans of management allow
for added flexibility in employee decision making.
(D) Short chains of command ensure that the company will operate
most effectively in a turbulent environment.
____________________________________________________________
Your great-great grandmother left you her recipe book. It
contains amazing, delicious cake recipes, and you are certain you
can make a fortune with them if you just set up your bakery right.
You are considering three possible designs for your bakery: 
Design 1: A factory in which assembly workers create low-cost,
standardized cakes to be sold in grocery stores.
Design 2: A factory in which all cakes are created by machines;
technology will enable you to shift from cake to cake as customer
needs change.
Design 3: A personalized wedding cake business in which you will
create custom delicacies for your clients.
1) According to Joan Woodward ____________ is a classified as a
continuous process production company.
(A) Design 3 (B) Design 2 (C) Design 1
2) Fill in the three terms that are missing from this table.




Small Batch
Mass Production
Continuous Process


Technical Complexity
of Production Technology Structural Characteristics:
Low
Medium
High


Centralization
Low
?
Low


Top administrator ratio
Low
Medium
High


Indirect/direct labor
ratio
1/9
1/4
1/1


Supervisor span of
control
23
48
15


Communication





Written (vertical)
?
High
Low


Verbal (horizontal)
High
Low
High


Overall
Structure
Organic
Mechanistic
?



3) According to the information in the table, which of the
following conclusions is most likely to be true?
(A) A continuous process production design is likely to be
effective if your bakery pursues a low-cost leadership
strategy.
(B) A bakery using a mass production design will be able to
operate with fewer employees than a bakery using a continuous
process design.
(C) A small-batch production design will help your bakery to
operate more efficiently.
(D) A mass production design is likely to be effective if your
bakery is operating in a stable environment without a lot of
competition
_______________________________________________________________________________
Modern-Shed has 12 to 14 knowledge workers who handle
manufacturing and sales in its Seattle office. Outside of Seattle,
Modern-Shed products are sold by dealers who also sell other types
of compatible products. Modern-Shed also uses external companies to
do fabrication, help organize trade shows, and perform marketing
duties.
1) Modern-Shed has a __________ structure that allows it to:
(A) Maintain the flexibility it needs to meet customer
demands
(B) Create maximally efficient organization through work
specialization
(C) Coordinate work projects across functions and products
(D) Maintain high levels of control over the way its products
are sold and fabricated
2) Under what conditions is the current organizational structure
of Modern-Shed most likely to be effective? Check all that
apply.
(A) When the economic environment is turbulent and uncertain
(B) When following a low-cost leadership strategy for the
business
(C) In times of crisis, when everyone needs to follow a single
leader
(D) When following a differentiation strategy for the
business
Centralized

Framework
Mechanistic
Mass Production
Top administrator proportion
High
48
High

Minimal

Virtual Program
Specialized Difficulty
15
of ideal products. Modern-Shed in addition uses outside organizations to
normal, and from right useful
Correspondence motion
of Production Tech Structural Characteristics:
1/9
?
Slim
achieve economies of scale. (B) slim covers of management make sure employees operate
Virtual Program
create personalized delicacies the clients. 1) relative to Joan Woodward ____________ is a categorized as a
Moderate
We’d already been struggling to transcribe this picture
Connection
Vertical & Horizontal
Top administrator proportion Minimal Moderate Tall
Twice

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